Aqsaqal courts, tasked with adjudicating family law, property and torts, often fail to take bride kidnapping seriously. In many cases, aqsaqal members are invited to the kidnapped bride’s wedding and encourage the family of the bride to accept the marriage. Often the abductor kidnaps the woman from her household or follows her outside and abducts her. He and his companions may then rape the woman to ensure that she submits to the marriage. The family of the woman either then feels obliged to consent to the union, or is forced to when the kidnapper impregnates her, as pregnant women are not seen as eligible for marriage. The marriage is confirmed with a ceremony that follows the abduction by several days.
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On a more serious note, a 1970 Italian film, La moglie più bella by Damiano Damiani and starring Ornella Muti, is based on the story of Franca Viola, described above. However, before the national debate caused by the Viola case, a 1964 satire directed by Pietro Germi, Seduced and Abandoned , treated the Sicilian custom as a dark comedy. In 2015, Malta was criticized by Equality Now, for a law which, in certain circumstances, can extinguish the punishment for a man who abducts a woman if, following the abduction, the man and woman get married. The article was ultimately abolished by Act XIII of 2018, Article 24. The law allowing “rehabilitating marriages” (also known as marry-your-rapist law) to protect rapists from criminal proceedings was abolished in 1981. Marriage by capture was practiced in ancient cultures throughout the Mediterranean area. Among the Mapuche of Chile, the practice was known as casamiento por capto in Spanish, and ngapitun in Mapudungun.
The United States Department of State tie this trend of abducting brides to China’s one-child policy, and the consequent gender imbalance as more male children are born than female children. In agricultural and patriarchal societies, where bride kidnapping is most common, children work for their families. A woman leaves her birth family, geographically and economically, when she marries, becoming instead a member of the groom’s family. (See patrilocality for an anthropological explanation.) Due to this loss of labour, the women’s families do not want their daughters to marry young, and demand economic compensation when they do leave them. This conflicts with the interests of men, who want to marry early, as marriage means an increase in social status, and the interests of the groom’s family, who will gain another pair of hands for the family farm, business or home. Depending on the legal system under which she lives, the consent of the woman may not be a factor in judging the validity of the marriage. There are many types of forced marriage in this world, but perhaps the most dramatic is marriage by abduction, or bride kidnapping.
If to take into account the correlation of those who started to those who failed, we may conclude that almost all have been successful. Our bride worked the entire four hours we were there while we were invited to relax and eat with the rest of the family. Based in the very cardiovascular of Central Asia, Kyrgyzstan boasts in rich https://foreignbridesguru.com/kyrgyzstan-brides/ ethnic heritage and vibrant, authentic traditions.
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The Ala Kachuu has been banned in Kyrgyzstan for decades, but the law is ignored by most of the population and the authorities in a context that continues to see women subjected to domestic violence and abuse. The law was tightened in 2013, with sentences of up to 10 years in prison for those who kidnap a woman with the intention of forcing her into marriage (previously it was a fine of 2,000 soms, about $25 U.S.). But the new law has not curtailed the practice, and prosecutions have been rare.
Perhaps one of the saddest examples of the extent to which girls can be relegated to the margins of society in Kyrgyzstan is an examination of the disparaging girl names that remain popular in some parts of the country. “Kyrgyzstan is full of girls called Zhanyl or Burul, which in Kyrgyz means ‘I made a mistake’ or ‘I sinned,’ ” said Kapalova.
Thus, providing greater economic opportunity for men in rural Kyrgyzstan is one way to decrease the risk of bride kidnapping. Men who are more secure in their finances and assured of their employment will have less incentive to kidnap brides. In Balykchy, Fatima sits down with her mother to talk about bride kidnapping.
Fear of shame has led to non-reporting by women in a ‘phenomenon of women suppressing other women’
The Ala Kachuu is practiced in all the countries of Central Asia, but it is especially common among the rural villages on the hard mountainous territories of post-Soviet Kyrgyzstan, where it is most common. Other researchers have hypothesized that Kyrgyz women migrate at such high rates because of their Russian language proficiency and Kyrgyzstan’s less restrictive gender norms.